In their first month of life, your baby will spend most of their time sleeping, which will be punctuated by crying, feeding and settling. This is a period of adjustment for parents and caregivers as they organise their life and home around caring for their newborns’ needs.
The bond between you and newborn is growing stronger now as you start to understand each other better. Your baby will have put on weight and filled out and will be settling into a rhythm that you can predict, and your baby is likely to smile at you when happy.
Your baby will be developing body strength and control, now able to lift their head from front or back resting positions and to bring things to their mouth. Babies will be sleeping up to six hours through the night at this point, giving tired parents a bit of welcome respite.
Babies at four months might be trying to roll over and sit up, starting to vocalise clear sounds, and putting everything they can find into their mouths. This can be a sign that they there are getting ready to eat solids.
Your baby will have doubled in birth weight by now. Their strength and control has grown considerably and they can start to communicate desires to you through body language, like reaching for things or grasping their hands at you because they want to be picked up.
Six-month old babies are approaching a rapid stage in their development. They are pushing their bodies up into a crawling position, crying out for attention when you leave a room and finally ready to try solid foods.
By now it’s likely that your baby’s first tooth has appeared. Teething can be an uncomfortable period for many babies, who look for objects to chew to alleviate the pain. Most seven-month old babies can now sit unsupported and will crawl or shuffle when placed on the floor.
With a few more teeth, your baby will now be eating soft foods like bits of cheese, egg or bread. Your baby will also have a greater understanding of their environment and they will search for, point at and throw objects. They will also be able to recognise objects and people by name.
Nine-month old babies can grasp foods and feed themselves bite-sized portions. They may be pulling themselves into an upright position and may also be taking supported steps. Babies at nine months can understand simple instructions and are likely to understand their own names.
Babies at ten months are quickly gaining confidence. Even though they might not be able to walk, if they have started crawling they can move quite rapidly and may even try to climb stairs. Ten-month old babies can communicate back to you using signs or body language – it’s exciting watch them process your words when you have a conversation.
Babies can now feed themselves quite well and even drink from cups – although both can still result in a bit of a mess. Their eyesight is as good as an adult’s and they’ll be able to see things with great precision, pointing out details that even you might not have noticed.
As they approach their first birthday, some babies will have spoken their first meaningful word and taken their first unsupported steps. Your baby can now grasp and manipulate objects and communicate quite clearly with you. Having these basic, but important, skills will open up an exciting world of discovery, growth and learning in their second year of life.